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4 Ways The Sabbath Pointed To Christ – Aquinas

A little gem I found from Aquinas’ commentary on John, 4 ways that the Sabbath pointed to Christ:

“God did what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do: by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, he condemned sin in his flesh, in order that the requirements of the law might be accomplished in us” (Rom 8:3).

The Jews did not do any work on the Sabbath, as a symbol that there were certain things pertaining to the Sabbath which were to be accomplished, but which the law could not do. This is clear in the four things which God ordained for the Sabbath: for he sanctified the Sabbath day, blessed it, completed his work on it, and then rested. These things the law was not able to do. It could not sanctify; so we read: “Save me, O Lord, for there are no holy people left” (Ps 11:1). Nor could it bless; rather, “Those who rely on the works of the law are under a curse” (Gal 3:10). Neither could it, complete and perfect, because “the law brought nothing to perfection” (Heb 7:19). Nor could it bring perfect rest: “If Joshua had given them rest, God would not be speaking after of another day” (Heb 4:8).

These things, which the law could not do, Christ did. For he sanctified the people by his passion: “Jesus, in order to sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered outside the gate” (Heb 13:12). He blessed them by an inpouring of grace: “Blessed be God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing of heaven, in Christ” (Eph 1:3). He brought the people to perfection by instructing them in the ways of perfect justice: “Be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Mt 5:48). He also led them to true rest: “We who have believed will find rest,” as is said in Hebrews (4:3). Therefore, it is proper for him to work on the Sabbath, who is able to make perfect those things that pertain to the Sabbath, from which an impotent law rested.

St. Thomas Aquinas – Commentary on The Gospel of John – Chapter 5

True Virtue – Chrysostom

What is the virtue of a horse? Is it to have a bridle studded with gold and straps to match, and a silk band to fasten the housing, and colorful clothes embroidered with gold thread, and headgear studded with jewels, and hair braided with gold cord? Or is it to be swift and strong in its legs, even in its paces, and to have hooves that fit a well-bred horse, and courage for long journeys and warfare, and to be calm on the battlefield, and to save its rider if there is a rout? Isn’t it obvious that these are the things that make the virtue of the horse, and not the others? And what kind of vine should we admire? One that’s covered with leaves and branches, or one loaded down with fruit? Or what kind of virtue belongs to an olive tree? Is it to have big branches and lots of leaves, or is it to have an abundance of its own fruit all over the tree? Well, let’s look at human beings the same way. What is the virtue of a man? Not riches, so that you fear poverty. Not bodily health, so that you are afraid to get sick. Not public opinion, so that you fear a bad reputation. Not life just for its own sake, so that death is terrible to you. Not freedom, so that you avoid servitude. No, the virtue of a man is carefulness in holding true doctrine, and righteous living. Not even the devil himself can take these things away from you if you have them, as long as you take the necessary care to guard them.
St. John Chrysostom, No One Can Harm the Man Who Does Not Injure Himself, 3

Spurgeon: The Quiet Work of Obeying God

“We do not usually measure things rightly. I am persuaded that our weights and scales are out of order. We think we are doing a great deal when we get into a big controversy, or write an article that is read all over the nation, or create a sensation which startles thousands. But, indeed, it is not so! The Lord is not in the wind, nor in the tempest—we must go on with the still small voice of loving instruction and persuasion. You must go on talking with your little children in your classes; you must go on speaking to the few sick persons you are able to visit; you must try and preach Jesus Christ in little rooms, or to dozens and scores in the street corner or on the village green. It is the old-fashioned, quiet personal work which is effective! If we get to think that everything must be big to be good, we shall get into a sorry state of mind. In the little bit of work thoroughly done, God is glorified much more than in the great scheme that is superficial.”

Charles Spurgeon - A Sermon Delivered on Lord’s Day Morning 23 , 1886, (#1901), John 4:31-38

The Guarantee of The Spirit


The Holy Spirit presents believers with proof of the life to come.  In regeneration, comfort, joy, peace,  wisdom, love, power to obey God and miraculous gifts he takes something of the world to come and brings it into our present existence:  Christ is raised and we are raised with him, and the whole of creation will be made new!   Just as the dove brought Noah a freshly plucked olive leaf,  here is a small but undeniable demonstration that new life awaits us.  And in that dove’s token we may discern the scale of the wonder of eternal life.  All of the blessings we now experience in Christ are only the very tip of just one, newly-grown sapling from the world to come.  What a blessed guarantee!

Learn From Jesus How To Love – Aphrahat

This is how our Saviour taught us diligently to manifest love: first he perfected it in himself, and then he taught those who heard him.

He reconciled our enmity with his Father because he loved us, and he yielded up his innocence in the place of the debtors, and the Good in place of the evil ones was put to shame, and the rich in our behalf was made poor, and the Living died in behalf of the dead, and by his death made alive our death. And the Son of the Lord of all took for our sake the form of a servant, and he to whom all things were subject subjected himself that he might release us from the subjection of sin. And by his great love he gave a blessing to the poor in spirit, and he promised the peace makers they should be called his brothers and sons of God; and he promised the humble that they should inherit the land of life; and he promised the mourners that by their supplications they would be comforted; and he promised to the hungry fullness in his Kingdom; and to those who weep that they should rejoice in his promise; and he promised to the merciful that they should be shown mercy; and to these who are pure in heart he said that they should see God; and again he promised to those who are persecuted on account of righteousness that they should go into the Kingdom of heaven; and to those who are persecuted on account of his name he promised a blessing and rest in his Kingdom. All these things our Saviour did for us because of his great love.

And we also, beloved, should share the love of Christ, while we love one another and fulfill those two commandments, on which hang all the Law and the prophets.
Aphrahat, Demonstration 2, 19

The Great Discovery Of The Gospel – John Owen

“Communion with the Father Consists in Love. This is the great discovery of the gospel: for whereas the Father, as the fountain of Deity, is not known any other way but as full of wrath, anger and indignation against sin, nor can the sons of men have any other thoughts of him1 – here he is now revealed peculiarly as love, as full of it unto us; the manifestation whereof is the peculiar work of the gospel.”2 John Owen, Communion With The Triune God

1. Rom. 1:18; Isa. 33:13-14; Hab. 1:13; Ps 5:4-6; Eph. 2:3.
2. Titus 3:4.

Our Spiritual Inheritance – Martin Luther

 Is Christ really our brother, then I would like to know what we can be in need of?

His heritage is life and death, sin and grace, all that is in heaven and earth, eternal truth, power, wisdom, righteousness; he governs and rules over all, over hunger and thirst, over fortune and misfortune, over everything imaginable, whether in heaven or on earth, not only spiritual but also secular affairs; and the sum total of all is, he has all things in his hand, be they eternal or temporal. Now if I believe on him, I become partaker with him of all his possessions, and obtain not only a part or a piece; but, like him, I obtain all, eternal righteousness, eternal wisdom, eternal strength, and become a lord and reign over all. The stomach will not hunger, sins will not oppress, I will no more fear death, nor be terror-stricken by Satan, and I will never be in want, but will be like Christ the Lord himself.

Martin Luther - A Second Sermon on Christ's Resurrection, Mark 16:1-8 - ON THE FRUIT AND POWER OF CHRIST'S RESURRECTION.

Love Must Be Visible – Francis Schaeffer

In a sinful world, grace is always love’s first expression.

Ray Ortland helpfully picks out this thought from Schaeffer’s “The Mark of the Christian”:

Francis Schaeffer proposed two powerful things we can do, to display observable love for one another in response to these verses and also John 17:23:

One, “When I have failed to love my Christian brother, I go to him and say, ‘I’m sorry.’  That is first.  It may seem a letdown — that the first thing we speak of should be so simple.  But if you think it is easy, you have never tried to practice it. . . .”

Two, “There must also be open forgiveness.  And though it’s hard to say ‘I’m sorry,’ it’s even harder to forgive.  The Bible, however, makes plain that the world must observe a forgiving spirit in the midst of God’s people. . . .”

“[Does the world] observe that we say ‘I’m sorry,’ and do they observe a forgiving heart?  Let me repeat: Our love will not be perfect, but it must be substantial enough for the world to be able to observe it, or it does not fit into the structure of John 13 and 17.  And if the world does not observe this among true Christians, the world has a right to make the two awful judgments which these verses indicate: that we are not Christians, and that Christ was not sent by the Father.”

Francis Schaeffer, “The Mark of the Christian,” in The Church at the End of the Twentieth Century (Downers Grove, 1970), pages 143-146.

See God Everywhere: John Cassian

We certainly do discover God by admiring his incomprehensible essence, which still lies hidden in the hope of the promise. But we also see him through the greatness of his creation, and the consideration of his justice, and the help of his daily providence. We see him when with pure minds we contemplate what he has done with his saints in every generation, when with trembling heart we admire his power, with which he governs, directs, and rules all things, or the vastness of his knowledge, and that eye of his from which no secrets of the heart can lie hidden. We see him when we consider the sand of the sea, and the number of the waves measured by him and known to him, when in our wonder we think that the drops of rain, the days and hours of the ages, and all things past and future are present to his knowledge; when we gaze in unbounded admiration on that ineffable mercy of his, which with unwearied patience endures countless sins that are every moment being committed under his very eyes. We see God in the numberless opportunities of salvation he grants to those whom he is going to adopt. We see him in the way he made us be born so that from our very cradles his grace and the knowledge of his law might be given to us. Finally, we see him in the way he undertook the dispensation of his Incarnation for our salvation, and extended the marvels of his sacraments to all nations. But there are numberless other considerations of this sort, which arise in our minds according to the character of our life and the purity of our heart, by which God is either seen by pure eyes or embraced.
St. John Cassian, Conferences, 1.15

– A Year With The Church Fathers

Palm Sunday – Augustine


What a cross of mental suffering must the Jewish rulers have endured when they heard so great a multitude proclaiming Christ as their King! But what honour was it to the Lord to be King of Israel? What great thing was it to the King of eternity to become the King of men? For Christ’s kingship over Israel was not for the purpose of exacting tribute, of putting swords into His soldiers’ hands, of subduing His enemies by open warfare; but He was King of Israel in exercising kingly authority over their inward natures, in consulting for their eternal interests, in bringing into His heavenly kingdom those whose faith, and hope, and love were centred in Himself. Accordingly, for the Son of God, the Father’s equal, the Word by whom all things were made, in His good pleasure to be King of Israel, was an act of condescension and not of promotion; a token of compassion, and not any increase of power. For He who was called on earth the King of the Jews, is in the heavens the Lord of angels.
Augustine: Tractates On The Gospel of John 51.4


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